Indiana University

PhD, Sociology

Dissertation: “Trust, Cooperation, and Conflict in Racially Diverse Societies.”

Committee: Dina Okamoto, Patricia McManus, Brian Powell, Fabio Rojas and Clem Brooks.
Expected, May 2023

Indiana University

M.S. in Applied Statistics

Indiana University

M.A. in Sociology

California State University Northridge.

B.A. in Journalism

Minor in Gender Studies. Summa Cum Laude.

Coding Skills



R Studio




Software Expertise








  • Wells Fellowship
  • P.E.O. Research Grant
  • Outstanding Paper Awards with North Central Sociological Association (Awarded Twice)
  • Graduate Mentor of the Year Award
  • Schuessler Award for Graduate Research
  • Center for Race and Ethnicity Research Award
  • Stryker Graduate Research Grant (Awarded Twice)
  • University Distinguished Master’s Thesis Award
  • Graduate and Professional Student Government Research Award (Awarded Twice)
  • Advanced Departmental Fellowship,
  • Graduate Student Investigative Award, American Sociology Association, Social Psychology Section (Honorable Mention)
  • Top-off Departmental Fellowship
  • The Ravi K. & Amalia Sawhney Creative Excellence Award
  • Editor Excellence Award


Measuring the predictability of life outcomes with a scientific mass collaboration

First Published, March 30, 2020 117 (15) 8398-8403


How predictable are life trajectories? We investigated this question with a scientific mass collaboration using the common task method; 160 teams built predictive models for six life outcomes using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, a high-quality birth cohort study. Despite using a rich dataset and applying machine-learning methods optimized for prediction, the best predictions were not very accurate and were only slightly better than those from a simple benchmark model. Within each outcome, prediction error was strongly associated with the family being predicted and weakly associated with the technique used to generate the prediction. Overall, these results suggest practical limits to the predictability of life outcomes in some settings and illustrate the value of mass collaborations in the social sciences.

Gendered Paths in Ethnic Identity Exploration Between Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood

First Published August 27, 2018 Research Article

Previous work suggests that women and men differ in their ethnic identification. Yet few studies analyze gender differences in identification patterns between adolescence and emerging adulthood among children of immigrants from multiple national origins. Using a longitudinal survey, we find that the number of men and women from Latin America and the Caribbean who identify as American decreases over time. Young women have a stronger sense of their ethnicity by adolescence, while men are more likely to change identities until emerging adulthood. As they become adults, both men and women choose identities shaped by their national origins: Children of immigrants from Latin America prefer to identify using racial or pan-ethnic categories, while men and women with parents from Cuba or other Caribbean countries tend to choose national origin labels. Taken together, our results highlight how gender and national origins interact to create distinct identity processes for emerging adults.

People of Color in the United States

By Kofi Lomotey, Pamela Braboy Jackson, Muna Adem, Paulina X. Ruf, Valire Carr Copeland, Alvaro Huerta, Norma Iglesias-Prieto, and Donathan L. Brown, Editors
October 2016, 1986pp, 7×10
4 volumes, Greenwood

People of color still face obstacles to success to a greater degree than other groups, from health issues like diabetes to employment and salary discrimination.

This expansive, four-volume ready-reference work offers critical coverage of contemporary issues that impact people of color in the United States, ranging from education and employment to health and wellness and immigration.

People of Color in the United States: Contemporary Issues in Education, Work, Communities, Health, and Immigration examines a wide range of issues that affect people of color in America today, covering education, employment, health, and immigration. Edited by experts in the field, this set supplies current information that meets a variety of course standards in four volumes. Volume 1 covers education grades K–12 and higher education; volume 2 addresses employment, housing, family, and community; volume 3 examines health and wellness; and volume 4 covers immigration.

The content will enable students to better understand the experiences of racial and ethnic minorities as well as current social issues and policy. The content is written to be accessible to a wide range of readers and to provide ready-reference content for courses in history, sociology, psychology, geography, and economics, as well as curricula that address immigration, urbanization and industrialization, and contemporary American society


Muna Adem, Shelley Rao, Helen B. Marrow, Melissa J. García and Dina Okamoto. “A Relational Approach to Perceived Discrimination: The Case of South Asian Indians.” Social Psychology Quarterly. 

Helen B. Marrow, Dina Okamoto, Melissa J. García, Muna Adem and Linda R. Tropp. “Skin Tone and Mexicans’ Perceptions of Discrimination in New Immigrant Destinations.” Social Psychology Quarterly. 

Breznau, N., Rinke, E. M., Wuttke, A…., Muna Adem…., Adriaans, J., Alvarez-Benjumea, A.,… & Balzer, D. “Observing Many Researchers Using the Same Data and Hypothesis Reveals a Hidden Universe of Uncertainty.”  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Dina Okamoto and Muna Adem. “Processes of De-Stigmatization” in Stigma Processes in the Context of Migration-Generated Diversity. MIT Press.



Muna Adem and Denise Ambriz. “What Makes a Citizen? Contemporary Immigration and the Boundaries of Citizenry.” Social Forces (Revised and Resubmitted).

Breznau, N., Rinke, E. M., Wuttke, A…., Muna Adem …., Adriaans, J., Alvarez-Benjumea, A…. & Balzer, D. How Many Replicators does it Take to Achieve Reliability? Sociological Methods and Research (Revise and Resubmit). Preprint available at SocArXiv.

Patricia McManus, Tamara van der does and Muna Adem. (2020). “Generational Dissonance or Cultural Persistence? European Immigration and the Intergenerational Transmission of Gender Beliefs.” (Under Review).

Fabio Rojas, Micheal Heaney, Muna Adem. “Black Protesters in a White Social Movement: The Marginalization of African-American Activists in the Antiwar Movement after 9/11.” (Under review).